Let's Be Patriotic PRESENT


The Federal Republic of Nigeria shall be a State based on the principles of democracy and social justice…

Chapter Two: Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy

Okay, can’t lie I was a tad confused from just reading the title – it seemed like words that sound great but I had to ask myself, what have we now said? So, let’s start by clarifying what this chapter is about: 

It highlights the specific aims of the nation (fundamental objectives) while also indicating the path the nation must take to achieve these aims (directive principles of State Policy)

In a nutshell, this chapter lays down the foundation for how Nigeria as a nation intends to operate, specifically highlighting the duties of the State, Government and Citizens (see glossary for further explanation of these terms). 


‘The Federal Republic of Nigeria shall be a State based on the principles of democracy and social justice.’ 

Here, clear statements are made defining the role the government and people have in preserving Nigeria and ensuring she remains a State principled on democracy & social justice as the quote suggests. Basically, if this were a company’s website, this section would be all about the company’s values. To summarise what is mentioned:

  1. Our People
  • Sovereignty belongs to the people of Nigeria 
  • Security and welfare of the people should be the primary purpose of government 
  • Participation by people in government shall be ensured 
  1. Our Government 
  • Government should promote national unity and command national loyalty 
  • No predominance of people from a few states/ethnic groups in Government
  • Government/Local Government Council should recognise diversity of people in their areas and promote a sense of belonging and loyalty amongst them 
  1. Our Motto
  • Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress 
  • National integration actively encouraged
  • Prohibition of discrimination pertaining to place of origin, sex, religion, satus, ethnic/linqguistic association 

State Duties 

As a State, Nigeria has plenty duties to uphold oh! So I’ve chosen to summarise them using specific titles and elaborating where necessary: 

  • Free Mobility: to provide enough facilities to encourage free mobility of people, goods & services  
  • Citizenship: to secure full residence rights 
  • Marriage: to encourage inter-marriage between people of different origin, religious and ethnic backgrounds 
  • Barrier-free Associations: to promote formation of associations free of ethnic, linguistic, religious barriers 
  • Abolish Corruption
  • Economy: 
    • harness resources to develop a self-reliant economy
    • control national economy to secure maximum welfare, freedom & happiness of citizens 
    • manage and operate major sectors of economy i.e. activities which are managed and operate exclusively by Government
    • protect right of citizens to engage in economic activities outside major sectors of economy 
    • direct policies where material resources are harnessed and well distributed 
    • direct policies that don’t permit concentration of wealth 
    • direct policies that provide suitable and adequate shelter, food, minimum living wage, old age care and pensions, unemployment, sick benefits and welfare of disabled
  • Business: Act of National Assembly to establish a body that 
    • has the power to review the ownership and control of enterprises operating in Nigerian
    • administer any law for the regulation of ownership and control of enterprises 
  • Social Order: founded on ideals of Freedom, Equality and Justice 
    • every citizen to have equal rights, obligations and opportunities
    • sanctity & dignity of human recognised, maintained and enhanced 
    • governmental actions shall be humane 
    • prevent exploitation of human or natural resources
    • secure and maintain independence, impartiality, integrity and easy access  to courts of law 
  • Work/Employability:
    • all citizens shall have opportunity to secure adequate means of livelihood/suitable employment free of discrimination 
    • work conditions to be just and humane with leisure-based, social-based, religious-based, cultural-based facilities 
    • safeguard health, safety and welfare of employees
    • provide equal pay for equal work without discrimination on grounds of sex or any other ground 
  • Healthcare: adequate facilities for all citizens 
  • Children: protected against exploitation; moral and material neglect
  • Public Assistance: provided for deserving cases
  • Family: encourage evolution and promotion of family life 
  • Environment: protect and improve environment; safeguard water, air, land, forest and wildlife 
  • Culture: 
    • protect, preserve and promote Nigerian cultures which enhance human dignity
    • encourage technological development and scientific studies which enhance cultural values 
  • Communication: 
    • press, radio, television and other mass media free to uphold fundamental objectives of this chapter 
    • press, radio, television and other mass media free to uphold the responsibility and accountability of the Government to the people 
  • Ethics: national ethics i.e. moral principles shall be;
    • Discipline
    • Integrity
    • Dignity of Labour
    • Social Justice
    • Religious Tolerance
    • Self-Reliance
    • Patriotism 

Government Duties 

So who is meant to uphold all the duties listed you might ask? Take a wild guess….yes, you got it – our government. In addition here are a few things the Constitution has @-ed our government to do: 

  • Education: 
    • direct policy to ensure equal and adequate educational opportunities at all levels
    • strive to eradicate illiteracy by providing free, compulsory and universal primary education, free secondary and university education, free adult literacy programme
  •  Science & Technology: promote both! 
  • Foreign Policy: objectives shall;  
    • promote and protect national interest
    • promote and support African integration & unity 
    • promote international cooperation for purposes of universal peace and elimination of discrimination 
    • respect for international law and treaty obligations; seeking settlement through prescribed international methods 
    • promote just world economic order 

Citizen Duties 

So, what’s our own in the matter? Well, we have been encouraged to: 

  • Obey & respect Constitution, National Flag, Anthem and Pledge 
  • Enhance & defend Nigeria 
  • Respect dignity of other citizens
  • Make positive & useful contributions to respective communities 
  • Assist in maintaining law and order 
  • Declare income honestly and pay tax 

I’m hoping this has helped to map out our respective duties and give a greater understanding to what Chapter 2 of Nigeria’s Constitution says. Check out Page 2 to find a summary of Schedule Two!

By Tolz 👑

My thoughts are best expressed by writing.
So that's what I do - I write.

It's how I make sense of it all.
My prayer is that someone somewhere is blessed or is able to relate to what I write.

"Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them..." ~ Romans 12:6


Well done. Implementation remains to be empowered by the grace of God upon our request in supplication to Him and fasting.
Psalms 127:1
Except the LORD build the house, they labour in vain that build it:
except the LORD keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.